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DISCLAIMER

This site is intended to provide information to help in resolving situations where difficult-to-identify vehicle running problems may be caused by ECU failures which could be missed by usual diagnostic procedures.

A high level of vehicle maintenance competence and appropriate equipment and facilities is assumed. If you are unsure or do not understand the procedures shown in the diagnostic checklists or any advice given, PLEASE be safe - print a copy and take vehicle to a specialist.

Neither Car Electronic Services or the author accept any liability whatsover for any loss, damage or injury which may result from using these pages or for any defect or omission in this information. This information is supplied on this condition and any use of this information is explicit acceptance of this condition.

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